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eBook The Convergence of U.S. Military and Commercial Space Activities: Self- Defense and Cyber-Attack, 'Peace Use' and the Space Station, and the Need for Legal Reform ePub

by Christopher M. Petras

eBook The Convergence of U.S. Military and Commercial Space Activities: Self- Defense and Cyber-Attack, 'Peace Use' and the Space Station, and the Need for Legal Reform ePub
Author: Christopher M. Petras
Language: English
ISBN: 1423523539
ISBN13: 978-1423523536
Publisher: Storming Media (2001)
Subcategory: No category
Rating: 4.2
Votes: 533
Formats: mobi doc lrf lit
ePub file: 1621 kb
Fb2 file: 1247 kb

The Convergence Of . by Christopher M. Petras. Military And Commercial Space Activities by Christopher M.

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Note: these are all the books on Goodreads for this author. Military And Commercial Space Activities: Self Defense And Cyber Attack, 'Peace Use' And The Space Station, And The Need For Legal Reform. Note: these are all the books on Goodreads for this author.

The subject of a service branch for space has already been the subject of considerable debate within the military and US Congress. The US Air Force, which currently oversees military operations in space, have argued that the armed forces do not have the resources to support a separate space service.

The militarisation of space involves the placement and development of weaponry and military technology in outer space

The militarisation of space involves the placement and development of weaponry and military technology in outer space. The early exploration of space in the mid-20th century had, in part, a military motivation, as the United States and the Soviet Union used it as an opportunity to demonstrate ballistic-missile technology and other technologies having the potential for military application

The fact that the Russians spent significant resources on defending their military space stations shows that they .

The fact that the Russians spent significant resources on defending their military space stations shows that they either grossly overestimated the capabilities of these systems or had poor intelligence on future American ASAT systems. Sheer paranoia may also have come into play here, as it did in the 1976 decision to go ahead with Buran, the equivalent of the US Space Shuttle. The first footage of the cannon was released in 2015 and used by Russian space watcher Anatoly Zak to make a 3D-computer model of i. The periscope, needed to scan the sky for attacking vehicles and point the cannon, was a product of the Kazan Optical-Mechanical Plant (KOMZ).

Commercial use of space is the provision of goods or services of commercial value by using equipment sent into Earth orbit or outer space. Examples of the commercial use of space include satellite navigation, satellite television and commercial satellite imagery. Operators of such services typically contract the manufacturing of satellites and their launch to private or public companies, which form an integral part of the space economy.

Commercial space activities use cutting-edge technologies and produce . This Cyber Brief is part of the Digital and Cyberspace Policy program.

Commercial space activities use cutting-edge technologies and produce valuable data and are, thus, targets for cyber espionage, including economic cyber espionage, and cybercrime. military and intelligence satellite systems are vulnerable to kinetic and cyberattacks. Civilian smallsat systems might also prove insecure, given the lack of cybersecurity in their design, their use of commercial off-the-shelf components, and the vulnerabilities potentially created by connecting satellites to operate as complex, orbiting networks.

cyber-based technologies on the population as a whole are huge and not limited just to information.

military must define and execute its role in promoting, exploiting, and defending the expanded military, civil, and commercial . activities and human presence in space. The workshop produced the following recommendations: DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release. An examination of the convergence of economic, political, technological, and military space trends indicates we have passed the tipping point to futures with space as a vastly increased domain of human endeavor and a key element of national power. There is clear evidence of this emerging, new era for space

The stated purpose of the new branch of service would be to protect . space interests by overseeing debris and commercial movement.

The stated purpose of the new branch of service would be to protect . Both countries have civilian and military space programs of their own, but could this move by the Trump administration lead to an arms race in space? Recent Articles. The Revolt of the Admirals: The Perspective of the General.

This is a AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH report procured by the Pentagon and made available for public release. It has been reproduced in the best form available to the Pentagon. It is not spiral-bound, but rather assembled with Velobinding in a soft, white linen cover. The Storming Media report number is A657104. The abstract provided by the Pentagon follows: The ever-increasing convergence of U.S. military and commercial space activities poses new challenges to the viability of the legal concepts that have traditionally governed the use of outer space, and particularly the military use of space, from the beginning of the space age. This paper will look at two examples of where the melding of U.S. military and commercial space activities necessitates a reexamination of the applicable legal theories. Part I will examine the concept of self-defense in outer space, by considering the legality of the use of conventional military force to defend against "cyber-attack" on its commercial space assets. Part II will examine the concept of the use of outer space for "peaceful purposes" under international law, by focusing on the permissibility of military use of the International Space Station. As private commercial entities increasingly take their place aside State actors in outer space, understanding the impact of space commercialization on the law governing military-related activities in outer space becomes more-and-more important to policymakers, military planners, legal scholars and space law practitioners alike.
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