» » Louis XIV: A Profile

eBook Louis XIV: A Profile ePub

by John B editor Wolf

eBook Louis XIV: A Profile ePub
Author: John B editor Wolf
Language: English
ISBN: 0333134982
ISBN13: 978-0333134986
Publisher: Hill and Wang; First Edition, Stated edition (1972)
Pages: 288
Subcategory: No category
Rating: 4.4
Votes: 576
Formats: lrf doc txt lrf
ePub file: 1590 kb
Fb2 file: 1258 kb

See a Problem? We’d love your help.

See a Problem? We’d love your help.

Louis XIV. A Profile. eBook 67,40 €. price for Russian Federation (gross). Without ignoring the fact that Louis was also a son, husband, lover, and father as well as king he gives us a striking new image of Louis as soldier administrator and a vivid, accurate picture of the king s impact on the military machine after 1691, his part in the drama of war and in the emergence of a new Europe.

John Lynn here attempts to attack a subject long ignored by the military historians of today. The book covers close to fifty years of warfare and does so increadably well. Each war is covered in detail as well as the manner in which they were fought. I learned about Louis XIV as a commander and sovereign; the nation's grand strategy; war finance; supply; armament; recruitment and training; and tactical theory and practice. For the most part, he eschews descriptions of the tactics of individual battles, except for the most prominent ones, such as Ramilles.

Louis the Fourteenth : A Profile. Part of the World Profiles Series). Book by Wolf, John Baptist. Select Format: Hardcover. ISBN13:9780809014019. Release Date:January 1972.

Obviously Louis XIV was not alone responsible for the impact of his reign on Europe's history; his collaborators, his friends and allies, his enemies, those indifferent to him, and a host of people whose lives and labors rarely find any recognition in the pages of history have all contributed to th. .

Destination, rates & speeds. 5. Louis X I V: a profile. Published by Hill and Wang (1972). ISBN 10: 0809066831 ISBN 13: 9780809066834.

Wolf, John B. (1968). You must be logged in to Tag Records. Louis XIV, by John B. Wolf. Wolf, John B. Wolf Norton New York 1968. Australian/Harvard Citation. 1968, Louis XIV, by John B. Wolf Norton New York. Book, Online - Google Books. Antiterrorist initiatives, John B. The diplomatic history of the Bagdad railroad, by John B. The emergence of the great powers, 1685-1715, by John B. Find in other libraries.

Full recovery of all data can take up to 2 weeks! So we came to the decision at this time to double the download limits for all users until the problem is completely resolved. Thanks for your understanding! Progress: 9. 4% restored. Strona główna Louis XIV: A Profile. Louis XIV: A Profile.

Louis XIV : A Profile. By (author) John B.

Professor Wolf focuses on the problems of high politics and war, which intrigued Louis and were his instruments of power. Without ignoring the fact that Louis was also a son, husband, lover, and father―as well as king―he gives us a striking new image of Louis as “soldier administrator” and a vivid, accurate picture of the king’s impact on the military machine after 1691, his part in the drama of war and in the emergence of a new Europe.

Although Louis XIV was a vitally important figure in European history, he has found no satisfactory biographer until now. The memorists, particularly Saint-Simon, have “fixed” the traditional image of Louis so firmly it is difficult to see him in any other light. John B. Wolf, challenging the myths and biases, has based this important study on Louis’ own documents, his diaries, decrees, and hundreds of the king’s letters from the archives at Vincennes (hereto-fore almost unexploited). He presents the king as he appeared to his ministers, his diplomats, and his soldiers, rather than to the gossips of his court.
Sermak Light
John Wolf's book on Louis XIV has been noted as THE book on Louis XIV. Overall I feel this is strongly the case. The book is a combination of a biography of Louis and a history of France at the time. The writing style throughout the book is very strong and consistent making the read entertaining. Wolf uses visual representations at points to make the book have the feel of a novel than a nonfiction story. The book covers everything you can think of about Louis from the day of his birth to the day that he died. He talks about the military conflicts Louis got his nation involved in as well as economy and social structure of France. Louis' love life is also included with much information about his mistresses and wives.

The downside is that the book seems more rushed for the second half of Louis' life, notable from the Nine Years War until his death. I though I heard somewhere that Wolf was ill when he was writing the book and therefore rushed in the end, but I do not know that to be fact. Therefore the second half of the reign is given far less attention than the first half although it probably should have been given more! Another thing I did not like was that he did not give any statistics regarding army sizes, casualties, economics, population etc. I may just be nit picking, but I always liked having numbers to back something up. Overall though this book is one of the best and I recommend it.
Born in the last years of his father reign, Prince Louis was considered special right from birth. The new Dauphin--heir to the French throne--was dubbed a miracle child. His birth denied his uncle Gaston de France, the Duke of Orleans, of throne to which he had been standing as heir presumptive for almost thirty years. Two years after he was born a younger brother, Philippe, the Duke of Anjou, joined him. In 1643, his father had died and Louis, who was only four, was now the King of France. John Wolf brilliantly lays out the life and reign--which are practically the same--in a decent narrative.

During the few decades before he was born, France was under the rule of his father King Louis XIII. The most important member of King Louis XIII's council was his `prime minister' Cardinal Richelieu who helped the King create a powerful and centralized state. This would be a great asset to France's next monarch.

"There is a famous story, probably untrue, that the child, returning from the ceremony to his father's bedside where the king asked him his name, replied, `Louis XIV'. `Not yet, not yet!' replied the sad king. The memoirists repeat this story so faithfully that it must have had a wide circulation, but it is improbable that either Louis or his father ever referred to themselves with a numeral; perhaps the story is one of those that should have happened even if it did not." p.11

When King Louis XIV came to throne as a child, his mother Queen Anne would take charge as the Queen Regent. The Queen and her new boyfriend, the Cardinal Mazarin, would govern the Kingdom and raise the King. During the regency, they would fight off rebellions, arrange alliances, and prepare the King to govern the nation as an adult.

King Louis XIV would have longest reign of any monarch. At the time he takes power, Wolf's narrative starts to become a little choppy. He stops telling the story chronologically and starts telling it categorically. Louis, as the King, would become a great patron of the arts. The King would protect and support writers, painters, and performers. Louis was so found of ballet that he would participate himself in the first half of his reign. Louis would also be a believer in the `divine right of kings' that is kings were put on Earth by God and were accountable only to Him. If a King acted evil then God would send to him to Hell when he died, so if he wanted to go to Heaven he would have to be a just king.

"In his Memoirs Louis explains that he carefully picked his trusted ministers for their merit and probable usefulness. His critics chide him for claiming for his choices on the ground that all the men were in his entourage when Mazarin died. We have already noted that this quite misses the point. Even though Mazarin might have indicated the men who could best serve the state, Louis had to make the decision to employ them. There were many men in his entourage who would have been willing, indeed eager, to become his advisers and his tools; a man of lesser capacity would have thought twice before taking strong men as confidants. Louis's great merit was exactly in this: he chose men senior to himself in experience as well as age, men with an expert knowledge of the problems of the kingdom rather than `yes men' who might have flattered him by their submission. This young men who informed the world that he intended to govern his kingdom was no vain `know-it-all' who wished to be surrounded by flatterers and sycophants." p.147

Louis XIV would involve his nation in a war with the Netherlands. The Franco-Dutch War had many positive and negative effects for the King and his country. France would gain a good deal of territory however he would himself with a new rival the young William III, Prince of Orange and the Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. Ultimately, William would take advantage of the political situation in Europe to `invade' England and seize the throne away from King Louis's Catholic cousin, King James II*, and place himself on it.

Wolf also tells how the King revoked the Edit of Nantes. The King's grandfather, King Henry IV, created the Edit in order to aid and protect protestant Christians from persecution. King Louis XIV decided that France was to be a Catholic nation again and his subjects would either convert or get out.

King Louis XIV would marry a Spanish princess, named Marie Theresa. The new Queen of France was said to be woman of great beauty but also extreme stupidity. The King and the Queen would have many children together but only one would live to adulthood, Louis, the Dauphin of France. Unfortunately, the son seemed to inherit all of his mother's bad traits including lack of intelligence. It seems that consistent inbreeding may have been the cause. The French, Spanish, and Austrian royal families marrying to many times my have caused this, the Queen's brother King Charles II of Spain was deformed and mentally unwell. Further evidence is the King's illegitimate sons were all healthy and strong.

When his son became a man, King Louis would betroth him to a German** princess, named Marie Anna. This seemed to have worked for sons of the Dauphin seemed to process none of his negative traits. Indeed, the oldest, Prince Louis, the Duke of Burgundy, seemed to have a lot of potential. He was then married to an Italian*** princess, named Maria Adelaide, who would have sons with him. This gave King Louis a good deal of security for the future of his throne. Unfortunately, in 1683 he lost his Queen, to which he marked that death was the only way his wife had ever displeased him.

Since the King had so many heirs, he decided he could spare one. After the death of his brother-in-law, King Charles II of Spain, in 1700, he decided make a play, to gain that throne for his royal house. Realizing Europe would never allow a unification of Spain and France under one monarch, instead of pressing the claims of the Dauphin of France for the Spanish throne, King Louis had him renounce them in favor of the Dauphin's second son, Prince Phillip, the Duke of Anjou. This would then involve France in the war of Spanish Succession. This would be costly for France but it would successfully but a Bourbon prince upon the throne of Spain. The descendants of King Phillip V of Spain rule Spain to this day.

"French historians favorable to the king assert that it was quite unnecessary for Louis to assure Europe that the crowns of France and Spain would not be worn by the same man. Just as the Grand Dauphin and the Duke of Burgundy resigned their rights to the throne of Spain when Phillip mounted it, so would future princes `adjust' the will of God so that the burden would not be too great for one man. It is all well and good to argue this way, but such talk does not change the fact that this proclamation was a bold, brash, arrogant challenge to the Europe that had written the partition treaties, and particularly to William of Orange and the men who had placed him on the English throne. It not only defied their policies but also boldly asserted that God, not Europe, would decide the fate of the Bourbon succession in both Spain and France." p.511

After six decades of successful rule, King Louis XIV would run into one last crisis. The crisis of who would replace the King when he died. In 1711, Louis, the Dauphin of France, who had stood as the heir apparent for almost fifty years, died. In some ways, this was not too tragic. The Dauphin had always been some thing short of an idiot, he would not have a good ruler, and this would allow his young dashing son the Duke of Burgundy, now the new Dauphin of France could advance to the throne earlier. However in 1712, the Dauphine caught the measles, and the new Dauphin stayed by her bedside but she died and he got the disease. He died shortly there after, but not before, he had accidentally infected his two sons. The now five-year-old new Dauphin fought his life for three weeks before dying. His younger brother, now the fourth dauphin in four years, was the heir. After the surveying child, was the King of Spain, for the French throne.

Fortunately, for all involved, that child lived, and he would follow his great-grandfather on to the throne of France as King Louis XV. In this work, John B. Wolf describes in great detail the challenges and triumphs that the King of France, known as Louis XIV, was able to achieve in the longest reign on record.

*Who also happens to be William's father-in-law.

**Although formally the Holy Roman Empire, Germany was more like a group of little countries as opposed to one big county. This meant there were many royals for the other families of Europe to marry, regardless of religion. This is primarily the reason so many royal families from Britain to Russia would be more German then of their native countries.

***Italy like Germany was a bunch of little countries at the time and provided for a good deal of potential marriages for the great powers.
John B. Wolf was, during his lifetime, one of the best American historians of the age of Louis XIV. He worked long and hard producing this book which is magnificent on the early life of Louis XIV and his first twenty-five years as king and ruler from 1661 to 1685. However, the book begins to flag in the last thirty years of Louis XIV's life. That is why I gave it four stars. Wolf himself admitted that he could not continue his research on the latter part of the reign due to failing eyesight.
Wolf's work on the first years of Louis XIV's life is splended, well-written, and even ground-breaking. However, this period has been plowed before. Wolf had many predecessors to guide him and help him form his argument. However, the last 30 years of Louis XIV's life (as well as the first 25 years of his successor's reign) are known as the black hole of French history. There have been many generalizations but not much published research into this period.
In this respect, Wolf's biography is the best of the breed, but it is like so many other biographies of the greatest king of his age. It breaks no new ground on the latter part of the reign. The original review in the AHR pointed to a chapter where the footnotes do not match. One of the king's most important ministers is unmentioned. Major reforms undertaken at the end of the reign are also skipped. Instead, we are presented with the standard picture of a king in decline surrounded by sycophants, buffeted by circumstances beyond his control, and unable to do anyting to resist the changing world outside the court.
This is a good book. Don't misunderstand me. It is just not as good as it could have been nor the definitive book on Louis XIV. That book has yet to be written.
© All right reserved. 2017-2020
Contacts | Privacy Policy | DMCA
eBooks are provided for reference only